Now A days all tax consultant ,business man,specially persons who have Earned salary income ,are in rush so that they can file their income tax return by due date i.e 31st July 2009 .we are also one of them.Due date of filing of income tax return for Assessment Year 2009-10 (financial year 2008-09)
- In case of person who are not liable to get their accounts audited is 31.07.2009
- In case of person who liable to get their accounts audit is 30.09.2009
So net shell every body is trying to meet the deadline ie 31.07.2009 ,I and you are also doing efforts in this direction ,but do you know what is the penalty if some one has not filed his return by due date.................i.e 31st July 2009.
no guess ,I will tell you ,In fact there is no penalty as such for this fault ,absolutely no penalty ,do you believe ,I have said that there is no penalty on late filing of return as such.But this is the fact .Specific penalty for late filing of return is prescribed u/s 271F which is briefed here under
"if a person failure to furnish return of income as required by section 139 before the end of relevant assessment year ,the assessing officer may impose a penalty of Rs 5000/-"
so this section says end of relevant assessment year ,as for previous year 2008-09 , assessment year is 2009-10 and its end on 31.03.2010 ,means there is no liability for late filing of income tax return up to 31.03.2010 and after that assessing officer can impose a penalty of 5000,and that is also his(AO) power which he may or may not exercise after giving due hearing to the assessee.
Now you would like to know why people are so much worried about the due date ,the reason is that as due date has been linked with various other section of the income tax act ,so it is significant in that manner .
so I have given some of impact of late filing of the Income tax return and issues related to due date of income tax.
Impact of late filing of Income tax return & issue related to due date
- Interest u/s 234A:If there is tax due after deducting advance tax ,TDS and self assessment tax than interest will be applicable @1% per month and part thereof up to the date of filing of the return besides interest applicable u/s 234B or 234C.Means this interest is applicable only if there is any tax payable in your return .
- Loss of Interest on refund:You may loose interest on refund u/s 244A as delay in filing is attributable to assessee for the period by which you have filed late return.
- Audit Report:Person who are liable to get their accounts audited should get the audit report on or before the due date of filing return i.e 30.09.2008.Audit repot is only to be prepared and not to be filed any where.In simple word or blodly we can say that if audit report has been signed before 30.09.2008 that is enough,you can file return late and report particulars will be filled when ever you filed your income tax return.This is as income tax circular no 5/2007 point no 6 (read full circular)
- Revised return :Late /belated return can not be revised .
- Some of deduction u/s 80 are not available for late return.
- Due date of income tax return is related to TDS deposite and disallowance u/s 40A(ia).
- Due date of Income Tax return is related to tax saving u/s 54,54B,54F and some other issues in capital gain saving account deposit scheme.
- Not able to carry forward the losses under various heads:you are not able to carry forward following type of losses if file return after due date
- Speculation loss
- business loss excluding loss due to unabsorbed depreciation and capital exp on scientific research
- short term capital loss
- long term capital loss
- loss due to owning and maint. of horse races
- loss from house property
- business loss on account of unabsorbed depreciation and capital expenditure on scientific research.
Person who can afford to file late return
If you have
- already deposited due tax or due taxes has been deducted by your employer and nothing is due or
- you are not claiming a Major amount as refund or
- you have no losses to be carried forward
Person who should file return on time.
If you have
- balance tax to be deposited or short fall of tax or
- huge amount of refund due to you or
- you have losses to be carried forwarded as explained above(though delay can be condoned as per circular 8/2001 DT 16.5.2001 on fulfilling of certain condition)
NOTE:Friends the all things as explained above is to not encourage people to file voluntarily late return but only to inform taxpayers their liability so that they can take informed decision.