The Finance Act, 2011 amended the effective age of a senior citizen being an Indian resident from sixty-five years of age to sixty years for the purposes of application of various tax slabs and rates of tax under the Income Tax Act, 1961 for income earned during the financial year 2011-12 (assessment year 2012-13).
There are certain other provisions of the Act in which the age for qualifying as a senior citizen is now proposed to be similarly amended.
- Section 80D of the Income-tax Act provides for a deduction in respect of premia paid towards a health insurance policy for the assessee or his family (spouse and dependant children) and a further deduction is also allowed for buying a health insurance policy for parent(s). Where the premium is paid to effect or keep in force an insurance on the health of any person who is a senior citizen, the deductions are allowable up to a higher sum of Rs. 20,000/- instead of Rs. 15,000/-.
- Section 80DDB of the Income-tax Act provides for a deduction up to Rs. 40,000/- for the medical treatment of a specified disease or ailment in the case, inter alia, of an individual or his dependant. This deduction is enhanced to Rs. 60,000/ - where the amount actually paid is in respect of any of the above persons who is a senior citizen.
- Section 197A(1C) of the Income-tax Act provides that in respect of tax deduction at source under section 193 (interest on securities) or section 194 (dividends) or section 194A (interest other than interest on securities) or section 194EE (payments in respect of deposits under NSS etc.) or section 194K (income in respect of units), no deduction of tax shall be made in the case of a senior citizen, if such individual furnishes a declaration in the prescribed form (Form No. 15H)to the effect that the tax on his estimated total income of the previous year in which such income is to be included in computing his total income will be nil.
In all of the above-mentioned provisions, i.e., under sections 80D, 80DDB and 197A the effective age for a “senior citizen” who can avail of the benefit is mentioned as sixty-five years or more at any time during the relevant previous year.
In order to make the effective age of senior citizens uniform across all the provisions of the Income Tax Act, it is proposed to reduce the age for availing of the benefits by a senior citizen under the aforesaid sections (sections 80D, 80DDB and 197A) from sixty-five years to sixty years.
The amendments to section 80D and section 80DDB will take effective from 1st April, 2013 and will, accordingly, apply in
relation to the assessment year 2013-14 and subsequent assessment years.
The amendment to section 197A will take effect from 1st July, 2012.