Amendments to the Finance Bill, 2016 :The Finance Bill, 2016 (the Bill) was introduced by the Finance Minister in the Lok Sabha on 29 February 2016. On 5 May 2016, the amendments to the Bill have been tabled in the Lok Sabha. The key amendments are summarized as follows:
1. Section 2(42A): Definition of short-term capital asset
As per section 2(42A) of the Income- tax Act, any capital asset held by the taxpayer for a period of not more than 36 months immediately preceding the date of its transfer is treated as short-term capital asset.
The aforesaid period of 36 months is treated as 12 months in case of listed shares held in a company. A new clause has now been inserted to provide that the period of 36 months would be substituted with period of 24 months in case of unlisted shares. In unlisted shares of company would be treated as short-term capital asset if it is held for a period of 24 months or less immediately preceding the date of its transfer.
2.Insertion of new section 115BA : Benefit of 25 percent tax rates on certain domestic companies
A new section 115BA has been inserted to provide benefit of concessional tax rate of 25% to certain domestic engaged in the business of manufacturing or production of any article or thing, provided such company has been set-up and registered on or after March 1, 2016. In order to avail of the concessional rate of tax, domestic company shall exercise the option in the prescribed manner on or before due date of furnishing the return of income under section 139(1) for the relevant previous year.
The benefit of concessional tax rate shall also be available to the companies engaged in research in relation to or distribution of article or thing manufactured or produced by it.
It is also provided that once the option to avail of benefit of concessional tax rate has been exercised by the company for any previous year, it cannot subsequently withdraw the same or for any other previous year.
3. Cost of acquisition of asset declared under Income Declaration Scheme, 2016
The Finance Bill, 2016 proposed Income Declaration Scheme, 2016 to provide an opportunity to taxpayers to declare their undisclosed income and pay tax, surcharge and penalty in aggregate at 45% of such undisclosed income.
It is provided under the scheme that where the income chargeable to tax is declared in the form of investment in any asset, the fair market value of such asset as on the date of commencement of this scheme shall be deemed to be the undisclosed income.
Sub-section (5) to section 49 of the Income-tax Act has been inserted which provides that the cost of
acquisition of such asset shall be deemed to be the fair market value taken into account for purposes of Income Declaration Scheme, 2016.
4.Amendment to section 111A
The Finance Bill, 2016 proposed that no Securities Transaction Tax ('STT') and Commodities Transaction Tax ('CTT') shall be levied on transactions of securities carried out through recognized stock exchange located in International Financial Services Centres (IFSC) where the consideration for such transaction is paid or payable in foreign currency.
Consequently, it was proposed to amend the section 10(38) of the Income-tax Act to provide that long-term capital gains arising from transfer of equity shares, equity oriented mutual fund or units of business trust shall be exempt from tax if the transaction is undertaken in foreign currency through a recognised stock exchange located in an IFSC, even if STT is not paid in respect of such transactions.
However, no such amendment was proposed to section 111A i.e., tax on short-term capital gain arising from transfer of listed securities.
Corresponding amendment has been made to section 111A to provide that short-term capital gains arising from transfer of underlying securities shall be taxable at 15%, if the transaction is undertaken in foreign currency through a recognised stock exchange located in an IFSC, even if STT is not paid in respect of such transactions.
5. Insertion of new section 115 BBDA: Tax on certain dividends received from domestic companies.
The Finance Bill, 2016 had proposed an additional tax of 10% if amount of dividend received by a taxpayer exceeds Rs. 10 Lakhs.
It is clarified that dividend whether paid or declared or distributed by one or more domestic companies, the aggregate of dividend shall be considered for the limit of Rs.10 lakhs but tax shall be payable only on the amount of dividend exceeding Rs 10 lakhs.
6.Insertion of new section 115BBF : Tax on income from patent
The Finance Bill, 2016 proposed insertion of new section 115BBF to tax royalty income in respect of a patent developed and registered in India at the rate of 10%.
The Finance Bill, 2016 also provided that for the purpose of section 115BBF, patent shall be developed and registered in India. The word 'developed' had been described in the Explanations to mean the expenditure incurred by the assessee for any invention in respect of which patent is granted under the Patents Act, 1970.
Two new sub-sections has been inserted to section 115BBF which provides as follows:
(a) Assessee may exercise the option for taxation of income from patents in accordance with the provisions of section 115BBF, in prescribed manner on or before the due date of furnishing of return of income under section 139(1) of the relevant previous year.
(b) If assessee opts for taxation of income from patents as per section 115BBF in any previous year and fails to offer tax on income from patents as per section 115BBF in any of the 5 succeeding assessment years then he shall not be eligible to claim benefit of said section for 5 assessment years subsequent to the assessment year in which such income has not been offered to tax as per section 115BBF.
The Finance Bill, 2016 as passed by the Lok Sabha specifically provides that the meaning of "developed" shall mean at least 75 percent of the expenditure incurred in India by the eligible assessee for any invention in respect of which patent is granted under the Patents Act, 1970.
7.Chapter XII- EB, containing Section 115TD, 115TE and 115TF : Tax on Accreted Income of Trusts
The Finance Bill, 2016 proposed to insert a new Chapter XII-EB, containing Section 115TD, 115TE
and 115TF, under the Act to provide that 'accreted income' of a trust or institution registered under section 12AA shall be chargeable to tax at the maximum marginal rates in following circumstances:
(a) If the trust or institution gets converted into any form which is not eligible under section 12AA;
(b) If the trust or institution gets merged into any entity which is not eligible under section 12AA;
(c) If the trust or institution, in case of dissolution, fails to transfer its assets to exempt entities under section 12AA and section 10(23C) (iv), (v), (vi) & (via).
The difference between the fair market value of the assets and liabilities of the trust or institution would be treated as 'accreted income' and tax thereon shall be paid in addition to the income-tax chargeable in respect of the total income of such trust or institution.
It was proposed under Finance Bill, 2016 that the tax on accreted income shall be payable within 14 days from date of receipt of order cancelling registration or date of order rejecting application for fresh registration.
Certain changes has been made in the proposed Section 115TD, as under:
A. Assets which don't form part of accreted income
A proviso is inserted in Section 115TD to provide that the value of the following assets shall not be taken into consideration while computing the 'accreted income':
(a) Any asset acquired by a trust or institution out of its agricultural income.
(b) Any asset acquired by the trust before getting registered under section 12AA provided that no exemption under section 11 or 12 is provided to trust or institution during that period.
B. Time-limit to pay tax on accreted income
As per section 115TD, a trust or an institution shall be deemed to have been converted into any form not eligible for registration under section 12AA in a previous year on occurrence of following events:
(a) when registration granted to it under Section 12AA has been cancelled; or
(b) It has adopted or undertaken modification of its objects which do not conform to the conditions of registration and it:
- - has not applied for fresh registration under Section 12AA in the said previous year; or
- - has filed application for fresh registration under Section 12AA but the said application has been rejected.
The Finance Bill, 2016 as passed by the Lok Sabha has proposed new time-limit for payment of tax on accreted income. It has been prescribed that tax on accreted income shall be paid within 14 days from:
- (a) the date on which the period for filing appeal before ITAT against the order cancelling the registration (or order rejecting the application) expires, if no appeal has been filed by the trust or the institution; or
- (b) the date on which the order in any appeal, confirming the cancellation of the registration (or application), is received by the trust or institution.
C. Validity of registration obtained under section 12A
The Finance Bill, 2016 as passed by the Lok Sabha has made a clarificatory amendment to provide that registration under section 12AA shall includeany registration obtained under section 12A.
8.Amendment of section 143: Processing of returns before scrutiny assessment
The Finance Bill, 2016 proposed mandatory processing of return under Section 143(1) even when the
scrutiny assessment notice is issued to the assessee. This amendment was proposed so that the assessee need not wait for the refunds, if any, due to him till the scrutiny assessment was completed. The Finance Bill, 2016 had provided that return shall be processed before issuing assessment order under section 143(3).
The processing of return is not necessary before the expiry of one year from the end of the financial
year in which return is furnished, where a notice is issued for scrutiny assessment under Section 143(2).
9.TCS collection at the time of receipt only in specific cases
The Finance Bill, 2016 proposed that every seller of a motor vehicle shall collect TCS at the rate of 1% of value of motor car if such value exceeds ten lakh rupees. Such tax was proposed to be collected from the buyer under section 206C at the time of debiting the amount receivable or at the time of receipt, whichever happened earlier.
Tax shall be collected under Section 206C only at the time of receipt of consideration.
10.Section 270A - Penalty for underreporting and misreporting of income.
Under the existing provisions, penalty on account of concealment of income or on furnishing of inaccurate particulars of income is levied under Section 271(1)(c).
In order to rationalize and bring objectivity, certainty and clarity in the penalty provisions, new Section 270A has been proposed to be inserted. It provides for levy of penalty in cases of under-reporting and misreporting of income.
It is proposed that rate of penalty shall be 50% of tax in case of under reporting of income and 200% of tax in case of misreporting of income.
The amendments to Section 270A which have been approved by the Lok Sabha are as under:
(i) What constitutes under- reporting of income: The Finance Bill, 2016 proposed six instances where a person shall be deemed to have underreported his income.
However, the Finance Bill, 2016 as passed by the Lok Sabha has included one more instance of underreporting of income. A person shall also be deemed to have underreported his income where the
amount of total income reassessed as per Section 115JB or Section 115JC (MAT or AMT) provisions is greater than the deemed total income assessed or reassessed under provisions of the MAT or the AMT immediately before such reassessment.
(ii) Tax payable on underreporting of income: The existing clause of the Finance Bill, 2016, proposed a flat tax rate of 30% in respect of underreported income in case of Individuals, HUF, AOP, BOI, Artificial Juridical person. The Finance Bill, 2016 as passed by the Lok Sabha provides that the tax payable in respect of the underreported income shall be as under:
(a) Return not furnished: Where return of income has not been furnished and the income has been assessed for the first time, the tax shall be calculated on underreported income as increased by maximum amount not chargeable to tax.
(b) In case of loss: Where the total income assessed or re-assessed is a loss, the tax shall be calculated on underreported income as if it was the total income.
(c) In any other case: Tax on under- reported income as increased by income assessed or re-assessed originally less tax on income assessed or re-assessed originally.
11.Withdrawal of amendments relating to retirement funds
I. Recognized Provident Fund The Finance Bill, 2016 proposed to amend Fourth Schedule so as to provide that:
(a) Contribution: Employer's contributions to the recognized provident fund account of the employees shall not be chargeable to tax to the extent of 12% of employee's salary or Rs.1,50,000, whichever is less.
(b) Withdrawal of employee's contribution: Any withdrawal from the accumulated balance in the provident fund account, which is attributable to employee's contribution made on or after April 1, 2016, shall not be chargeable to tax up to 40 % of such accumulated balance.
II. Withdrawal from superannuation fund account The Finance Bill, 2016 proposed that any payment in lieu of or in commutation of an annuity purchased out of contributions made on or after April 1, 2016, where it exceeds 40% of annuity, shall be chargeable to tax.
The proposed amendments has been withdrawn.
12..Section 35ABA Amortization of spectrum fee
The Finance Bill, 2016 proposed to insert a new section 35ABA to provide that the spectrum fee paid
for auction of airwaves shall be allowed to be deducted over the useful life of the spectrum.
The Finance Bill, 2016 as passed by the Lok Sabha also provides for consequences if specified conditions are not fulfilled. If subsequently there is a failure to comply with any of the conditions, the deduction shall be treated as wrongly allowed and the Assessing Officer may re-compute the total income of the assessee for the respective previous years. It is also provided that the provisions of Section 154 shall apply for four years from the end of the year in which the default is made.
13.Section 80-IAC LLPs can be Eligible start ups
The Finance Bill, 2016 proposed a new section 80-IAC to provide 100% deduction for 3 consecutive
assessment years to an 'eligible Start-up' engaged in an eligible business. Such deduction may, at the option of assessee, be claimed for any 3 consecutive AYs out of the 5 years beginning from the year in which eligible startup is incorporated. The 'eligible start-up' is proposed to be defined to mean a 'company' engaged in an eligible business.
It extends the definition of 'eligible start-up' to include 'limited liability partnership' also. In other words, LLPs shall also be eligible to claim deductions under Section 80-IAC subject to fulfillment of other conditions.
14.Amendment in Section 276C
Section 276C provides for rigorous imprisonment of minimum 3 months to 7 years in case an assessee has made willful attempt to evade tax.
The Finance Bill, 2016 proposed insertion of a new Section 270A to levy penalty in case of under reporting and misreporting of income by assessee. However, there was no corresponding provision to
invoke prosecution in this case.
Section 276C is amended to provide that under-reporting of income as per section 270A shall be punishable with rigorous imprisonment under section 276C.
15.Employer's annual contribution is deemed as income received by employee
The Finance Bill, 2016 proposed an amendment to the Fourth Schedule of the Income-tax Act to provide that lower of the following shall be deemed as income of the employee:
(i) Annual contribution made by employer in excess of 12% of salary to the recognized provident fund account of the employees; or
(ii) Rs. 1,50,000
The ceiling limit of Rs. 1.50 lacs has been removed,therefore any contribution by employer in excess of 12% of salary to the recognized provident fund account of the employees shall be deemed as income of employee
Download Finance Bill 2016 as passed by Lok-sabha
Download Finance Bill 2016 as passed by Lok-sabha